.Net Core读取Json配置文件

阿里云2000元红包!本站用户参与享受九折优惠!

前言:在与传统的asp.net MVC项目相比,.net core项目在项目目录的文件结构上和功能上与前者都有很大的区别。例如:在.net core中使用Startup.cs取代Global.asax文件用于加载应用程序的配置和各种启动项。appsettings.json取代web.config文件用于存储应用程序所需的配置参数等等。。。

OK!步入正题,下面来说一下如何读取Json配置文件中的参数。

第一种:使用IConfiguration接口

我们先在appsettings.json中配置好数据库连接字符串,然后读取它

{
  "Connection": {
    "dbContent": "Data Source=.;Initial Catalog=test;User ID=sa;Password=123456"
  },
  "Logging": {
    "LogLevel": {
      "Default": "Information",
      "Microsoft": "Warning",
      "Microsoft.Hosting.Lifetime": "Information"
    }
  },
  "AllowedHosts": "*"
}

 

 

 在控制器中注入IConfiguration接口

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;
namespace Read.json.Controllers
{
    [ApiController]
    [Route("[controller]")]
    public class ReadController : Controller
    {
        private IConfiguration _configuration;
        public ReadController(IConfiguration configuration)
        {
            _configuration = configuration;
        }
        [HttpPost]
        public async Task<string> ReadJson()
        {
//读参
string conn = _configuration["Connection:dbContent"]; return ""; } } }

 

 当然也可以读取数组形式的json,一样的先在appsettings.json中写好配置参数,如下:

{
  "Connection": {
    "dbContent": "Data Source=.;Initial Catalog=test;User ID=sa;Password=123456"
  },
  //------------------------
  "Content": [
    {
      "Trade_name": {
        "test1": "小熊饼干",
        "test2": "旺仔QQ糖",
        "test3": "娃哈哈牛奶"
      }
    }
  ],
  //------------------------
  "Logging": {
    "LogLevel": {
      "Default": "Information",
      "Microsoft": "Warning",
      "Microsoft.Hosting.Lifetime": "Information"
    }
  },
  "AllowedHosts": "*"
}

比如我们想读取test1

  string commodity_test1 = _configuration["Content:0:Trade_name:test1"];

 

 第二种:使用IOptions<T>来读取json配置文件

先把NuGet包导进项目:Microsoft.Extensions.Options.ConfigurationExtensions

 

 

首先在appsettings.json中添加节点如下

{
  "Connection": {
    "dbContent": "Data Source=.;Initial Catalog=test;User ID=sa;Password=123456"
  },
  //------------------------
  "Content": [
    {
      "Trade_name": {
        "test1": "小熊饼干",
        "test2": "旺仔QQ糖",
        "test3": "娃哈哈牛奶"
      }
    }
  ],
  //------------------------
  "Logging": {
    "LogLevel": {
      "Default": "Information",
      "Microsoft": "Warning",
      "Microsoft.Hosting.Lifetime": "Information"
    }
  },
  "AllowedHosts": "*",
  //==============================
  "Information": {
    "school": {
      "Introduce": {
        "Name": "实验小学",
        "Class": "中班",
        "Number": "15人"
      },
      "Region": {
        "Province": "湖北",
        "City": "武汉",
        "Area": "洪山区"
      },
      "Detailed_address": [
        {
          "Address": "佳园路207号"
        }
      ]
    }
  }
  //==============================
}

 

然和再建立一个与这个节点”相同”的类

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
namespace Read.json
{
    public class Information
    {
        public School school { get; set; }
    }
    public class School
    {
        public Introduce Introduce { get; set; }
        public Region Region { get; set; }
        public List<Detailed_address> data { get; set; }
    }
    public class Introduce
    {
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public string Class { get; set; }
        public string Number { get; set; }
    }
    public class Region
    {
        public string Province { get; set; }
        public string City { get; set; }
        public string Area { get; set; }
    }
    public class Detailed_address
    {
        public string Address { get; set; }
    }
}

 

在Startup中添加如下代码

            #region 服务注册,在控制器中通过注入的形式使用
            services.AddOptions();
            services.Configure<Information>(Configuration.GetSection("Information"));
            #endregion

 

 控制器中使用:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Options;
namespace Read.json.Controllers
{
    [Route("api/[controller]/[action]")]
    [ApiController]
    public class ReadController : Controller
    {
        private IConfiguration _configuration;
        readonly Information _Information;
        readonly IOptions<Information> _options;
        public ReadController(IConfiguration configuration,
                              Information Information,
                              IOptions<Information> options)
        {
            _configuration = configuration;
            _Information = Information;
            _options = options;
        }
        [HttpGet]
        public async Task<IActionResult> ReadInformation()
        {
            string Address = _options.Value.school.Region.Province + "-" +
                             _options.Value.school.Region.City + "-" +
                             _options.Value.school.Region.Area + "-" +
                             _options.Value.school.Detailed_address[0].Address + "-" +
                             _options.Value.school.Introduce.Name + "-" +
                             _options.Value.school.Introduce.Class + "-" +
                             _options.Value.school.Introduce.Number;
            return Json(Address);
        }
        [HttpPost]
        public async Task<string> ReadJson()
        {
            string conn = _configuration["Connection:dbContent"];
            string commodity = _configuration["Content:0:Trade_name:test1"];
            return "";
        }
    }
}

 

 

 

 

第三种:这种应该比较常见,任意读取自定义的json文件

首先建立一个json文件

{
  "system_version": {
    "Edition": ".Net Core 3.0",
    "Project_Name": "Read.json"
  }
}

 

 

 再建一个类,封装一个方法

using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
namespace Read.json
{
    public class Json_File
    {
        public IConfigurationRoot Read_Json_File()
        {
            //这句代码会读取read_json.json中的内容
            return new ConfigurationBuilder().AddJsonFile("read_json.json")
                                             .Build();
        }
    }
}

 

 

 在控制器中调用:

        [HttpGet]
        public async Task<IActionResult> ReadSystemVersion()
        {
            var configuration = _json_File.Read_Json_File();
            string system = "使用的是" + configuration["system_version:Edition"] + "的版本" + "," +
                            "项目名称是" + configuration["system_version:Project_Name"];
            return Json(new
            {
                data = system
            });
        }

 

 

 

 

Demo地址:Func<Address,Project> func = (address) => git clone address;
var project = func("https://github.com/Davenever/Read_Json.git");

 

 

 

https://www.cnblogs.com/zhangnever/p/11909842.html

「点点赞赏,手留余香」

    还没有人赞赏,快来当第一个赞赏的人吧!
Matplotlib
0 条回复 A 作者 M 管理员
    所有的伟大,都源于一个勇敢的开始!
欢迎您,新朋友,感谢参与互动!欢迎您 {{author}},您在本站有{{commentsCount}}条评论